This site is supported by the advertisements on it, please disable your AdBlocker so we can continue to provide you with the quality content you expect.
  1. This site uses cookies. By continuing to use this site, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Learn More.

Psycho-geography in Madrid - a picture story - in parts

Discussion in 'Photography and Photos' started by Digimonkey, Friday March 30, 2018.

  1. Sit back, relax, forget about the past and go for it.
    It is all sent to try my friend.

    Look forward to your future work.

    Best regards,
    Wayne. :)
    Barry Giddens and Digimonkey like this.
  2. That’s great news Iain. Thank you.
    Digimonkey and Wayne Pritchard like this.
  3. Back by popular demand! Well done I.
    You can't keep a good man down:)
  4. TomG


    @Digimonkey Iain - I've just worked my way through the posts. Simply brilliant! Thank you for taking the time to do this - it is very much appreciated and fascinating stuff.
  5. Thanks Tom - I'm grateful for your comments. I need to return to the project. The pictures are done - I just need to turn out the words. I will try really hard this weekend - yours - I.
  6. Looking forward to it.

    Can't wait. ;)
    TomG, Barry Giddens and Digimonkey like this.
  7. Psycho-geography in Madrid - part the fourth -


    They are definitely watching me now -


    This is beginning to creep me out a bit.


    Echoes of Christological debate and schism in the 5th C. church -

    To recap what you didn’t get to read the last time, the t’interweb having eaten the greater part of my words - it looked at the journey from the original Greek idea of Hades - definitely a place below - but pretty much free from ideas of punishment or penalty. It was just where the souls of the dead went. This latterly shifts as Greek culture becomes stressed - eventually to be invaded by Rome - with notions of judgement being introduced. It really took the spread and eventual dominance of Christianity in western Europe to solidify the concepts of below - bad and above - good. Reaching its - beautifully expressed - logical conclusion in Dante’s ‘Divine Comedy,’ with its highly elaborated version of Hades. When you translate the Greek word into Latin you get inferno or infernum - hence the name Dante used. A much scarier place - I think you’d agree. Lets move on -

    It’s not really correct - in my opinion - to refer to Christianity in the singular - it has always been Christianities - plural - at no point was there ever a single interpretation of the core beliefs. In origin an off-shoot of Second Temple Judaism - the differing positions adopted continued to multiply and multiply and - by the calling of the Fourth Ecumenical Council in Chalcedon in 451 - were astonishingly varied and diverse. The Eastern Emperor Marcian - much like Constantine at Nicea in 315 - had become heartily sick of it and demanded that the main groups get together and come up with a definitive statement of orthodoxy. All the divisive bickering wasn’t helpful if you were trying to run an empire. The main theological sticking point at the time was how to define the nature of Christ - was he a blend of the human and divine - two separate natures united in the incarnate Logos or of a unitary indivisible form composed of them both? The former won out - dyophysitism more correctly - and the latter - monophysitism - was ruled heretical. A position still held by the vast majority of Christians today. Did it help unity in the church? - of course not - it was never going to. At this point the Oriental Orthodox churches - Coptic, Ethiopian, Armenian, Syriac, Eritrean and Indian - went their own way and this rift has never been healed. The Oriental Orthodox confessors would deny the description monophysite - preferring to be labelled miaphysite - but there’s no need to further complicate the issue. Why is this relevant? It made me wonder whether the above - the divine - and the below - must always be separate from each other or are there times and places they blend to become one? Who knows?

    One of the other main decisions made at Chalcedon was to grant the See of Constantinople equality with the See of Rome - this must have struck the Greek Patriarch as a bit rich - and really only under-lining the obvious. At this point in history Constantinople was a place of great beauty, staggering wealth, intellectual and artistic achievement. The Eastern Empire controlled vast swathes of territory - times were good. The Western Empire - on the other hand - was moribund - it had shrunk back to pretty much only the Italian peninsula - the rot really started to set in when the Vandals took Carthage in North Africa - cutting off the bulk of the grain supply for the mainland - add to that wave after wave of barbarians crashing into their territory. The Pope - Leo I - had very limited temporal authority and about to have greater earthly issues with the arrival of Attila the Hun the next year at the gates of Rome - by this point totally unable to defend itself. Church tradition holds that Leo - with Sts Peter and Paul at either hand - went out to parly with Attila and turned him back. More likely - although sadly more prosaically - it was likely to have been a combination of bribery, an outbreak of plague in his army and the famine then raging in Italy. Add to that Marcian - from the other end of the Mediterranean - was laying waste to his supply lines and Atilla’s homelands on the Hungarian steppe. Either way he retreated never to return. It’s interesting that we still use terms like vandal and hun as pejoratives - the shock of their appearance out of nowhere all those years ago still resonates in our everyday speech. Goth has had an interesting journey linguistically - first a term of abuse, then an architectural style, next a genre of literature to finally pitch up as a description for moody teenagers. The barbarians had the last laugh though - the final Western Roman Emperor died in 476 and they got to take over what was left.

    Thanks for reading - yours - I.

    @TomG @Barry Giddens @Wayne Pritchard @Blademonkey @Satanfriendly @fixedwheel @Quique @culcreuch @Helveticum @Boru62
    Last edited: Saturday April 21, 2018 at 16:39
  8. culcreuch


    Thank you Iain...for another riveting read.

    I firmly believe that religion and politics are inseparable. Coming fron NI think that I can say that I have experienced that in all its worst forms.
    Religion was invented by men to control men and set policy. It would be fascinating to be able to gain access to the documents stored under lock and key in the Vatican to discover what really happened and whit is hidden from us.
    The Barbarians really did have the last laugh.......they were able to infiltrate the religious bodies already in existence and tweak them to suit their own purposes!

    Thanks for tagging me on this!
  9. Thank you for the tag Iain.

    Again a fascinating and inspiring read.
    The Barbarians had it made. They walked into luxury and kept it. :)

    Thanks for sharing.
  10. Boru62


    Great read Iain, technically were all barbarians as we don't speak ancient Greek, it was a derogatory term as all other languages were deemed gibberish, barbarbarbar, much like rhubarb,rhubarb in the theatre or blah,blah in the Peanuts cartoon.
    I think religion initially unites and then as others seek power they change the religion as a rallying point.
    The Arabs saw the vacuum left by the previous powers punching themselves out and needed a religion to unify the disparate Arab tribes and take advantage of the aforementioned vacuum.
    I appreciate it's a simplified version of events but life is short.
    Getting back to the barbar thing, have you noticed that all reprobates get foreign labels, vandals, thugs, hooligans etc.
    Thanks for keeping me entertained with your wit and wisdom, much appreciated.
  11. Outstanding work Iain. Thought provoking, challenging, and entertaining. A real treat mate, many thanks.
  12. Very well written Iain, absolutely enthralling. Thank you. P.
  13. Thank you collectively for your kind words - I'm grateful.

    K. I always liked the explanation - as to the etymology of barbarian - that it was onomatopoeic and came from the noise sheep make.

    Indeed - as you say - pretty much all nations, societies and self-identifying groups do this - they define themselves as much by what they are not - as by what they are. This process is generally called 'othering' - it's a vital filter is you are trying assess the historical veracity of sources academically. A trivial - but illustrative - example of 'othering' - I was in Spain in a bar and 'Fawlty Towers' dubbed into Spanish came on the TV. Interesting - there is no way that the hapless waiter Manuel - the object of derision and mockery - is going to remain Spanish and from Barcelona surely?. Lo and behold - he's Portuguese and from Lisbon in the Spanish version. The reference to Franco was just expunged completely. Ha ha - cheers - I.
  14. Boru62


    That's a new one to me Iain, I always thought it was from the verb to babble or the onomatopoeia for background chatter.
    A very dangerous practice especially when you combine it with nostalgia....
    ... everything was better before those babbling vandals/thugs/hooligans came here.
    There's nowt as queer as folk.
    Last edited: Monday April 23, 2018 at 20:42
    Digimonkey and Barry Giddens like this.
  15. Wise words K. - as long as humans have written down their thoughts about faith - belief - and we can broaden it out to include tribal, linguistic or technologically discrete groups, ethnicity and latterly notions of nationality - this has been the case. So - from the Mesopotamian city states on-wards - the key give away is the use of concepts like 'reform' or 'radical' - which actually in context means quite the opposite - any group self-identifying as this - generally - historically - is looking backwards not forwards - a return to some Halcyon day - before things became corrupted by the 'other,' the 'out' group - be that on a macro or micro scale. Plus ca change?

    Oh - I wasn't saying the sheep thing was right - just that I thought it was a lovely idea. It could equally be an ancient precursor of the start of my favourite Beach Boys song..... - yours - I.

Share This Page